The effects of a 90-minute simulated soccer match-play on knee and hip kinematics

Muhammad Hamdan, Hosni Hasan, Shariman Ismadi Ismail, Hashbullah Ismail, Raja Mohammed Firhad Raja Azidin

Abstract


Knee and hip extension are two proposed mechanisms of non-traumatic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. This study aimed to investigate the changes of the hip extension angles following exertion induced by an overground simulated soccer match-play. Fifteen male recreational players consented to this study and were required to complete a 90 minutes of simulated soccer match-play. Knee and hip angles were measured at initial contact during 45° anticipated side-cutting tasks performed prior to the simulation (time 0 min), at the end of the first half (time 45 min) prior to the second half (time 60 min) and at the end of the soccer match simulation (time 105 min). A two (group: dominant, nondominant) × four (time: 0 min, 45 min, 60 min and 105 min) mixed between- and within- subjects ANOVA was utilized. Results revealed that both knee and hip extension angles were significantly altered over time (knee: F3,102 = 4.464, p = 0.005, η2 = 0.116; hip: F3,102 = 9.998, p = 0.000, η2 = 0.227), however no significant differences were observed between dominant and nondominant sides (knee: F1,34 = 0.026, p = 0.872, η2 = 0.001; hip: F1,34 = 0.225, p = 0.638, η2 = 0.007). Pairwise comparisons indicated that the knee and hip is more during the second half of the simulation (time 60 min and time 105 min), compared to pre-exertion (time 0 min) (p < 0.05). The more erect knee and hip landing postures observed suggested a greater risk of ACL injury during the latter stage of each halves of match-play, supporting epidemiological observations. Further interrogations of the kinematic differences in the knees and hips across limb dominance are warranted for a more comprehensive understanding of the changes in a multiplanar perspective following soccer specific fatigue development.

Keywords


Anterior Cruciate Ligament; injury; soccer; limb dominance; biomechanics

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15282/mohe.v7i1.164