Influence of coaches behaviour on elite volleyball players' motivational climate and performance satisfaction

Amy Loh Liew Yi, Teo Eng Wah, Remco Polman

Abstract


Introduction. Coaching behaviour, motivational climate and its influence towards performance satisfaction are important in understanding the development and growth of athletes. In general, positive coaching behaviours could help in enhancing the motivational climate and satisfaction of athletes while negative coaching behaviour might have the opposite effect. Therefore, this study explored the influence of volleyball coaches’ behaviour on elite volleyball players’ motivational climate and performance satisfaction.  Methodology. Three hundred and twenty-eight elite volleyball players (137 male and 191 female, age: 24.42 ± 8.92 years old) participated in this study. They completed three questionnaires: the Coaching Behaviour Questionnaire (CBQ), Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2), and Athlete Satisfaction Questionnaire (ASQ). These questionnaires were used to assess athletes’ perceptions of their coaches’ behaviour, to examine the influence of athletes’ perceptions of the individual feedback received on their perceptions of the team’s motivational climate and to measure the elite volleyball players’ satisfaction of their team’s performance. Results & Discussion. There was a positive relationship between motivational climate and performance satisfaction (r=0.25); coaching behaviour and performance satisfaction (r=0.26); motivational climate and performance satisfaction (r=0.40). For CBQ, the mean score showed that coach support (2.97 ± 0.40) was the most important as compared to negative coaching behaviour (2.44 ± 0.45). For ASQ, the mean score showed that team integration (5.33 ± 1.00) was the most important subscale influencing athlete satisfaction. The lowest rated athlete satisfaction was external agents, example, facilities and supporters (4.56 ± 0.95). For PMCSQ-2, a higher mean was reported for task-involving climate, example, cooperative learning, effort/improvement, important role (5.36 ± 0.89) than ego-involving climate, example, intra-team member rivalry, unequal recognition, punishment for mistakes (4.09 ± 0.95). Conclusion. Coaches should look into their own coaching behaviour because it is a fundamental aspect in enhancing the performance of athletes with respect to motivational climate and performance satisfaction. 


Keywords


Coaches’ behaviour; motivational climate; ego-involving motivational climate; task-involving motivational climate

Full Text:

PDF

References


Chelladurai, P. (1990). Leadership in sports: A review. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 21, 328-354.

Creswell, J. W. 2012. Educational Research. Planning, Conducting, and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research (Fourth Edition). Boston: Pearson Education Inc.

Ehsani, M., Amiri, M., & Norouzi S. H. R. (2012). The Relationship between Leadership Styles of Coaches with Coaching Efficacy among Elite Iranian Judokas. International Journal of Sport Studies, 2(8), 399-405.

Fraser-Thomas, J. & Côté, J. (2009). Understanding adolescents’ positive and negative developmental experiences in sport. The Sport Psychologist, 23, 3–23.

Gould, D., Greenleaf, C., & Krane, V. (2002). Arousal-anxiety and sport behavior. In T.S. Horn (Ed.) Advances in sport psychology (2nd ed.), 207-280. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Henseler, J., Dijkstra, T. K., Sarstedt, M., Ringle, C. M., Diamantopoulos, A., Straub, D. M., Calantone, R. J. (2014). Common Beliefs and Reality About PLS: Comments on Ronkko and Evermann (2013). Organizational Research Methods, 17(2), 182-209.

Hu, L. & Bentler, P.M. (1998). Fit indices in covariance structure modelling: Sensitivity to underparameterized model misspecification. Psychological Methods, 3(4), 424-453. http://doi.org/10.1037/1082-989X.3.4.424

Kenow, L. J. & Williams, J. M. (1992). Relationship between anxiety, self-confidence, and evaluation of coaching behaviors. The Sport Psychologist, 6, 344-357.

Lohmoller, J. B. (1989). Latent Variable Path Modelling with Partial Least Squares. Physica, Heidelberg.

Newton, M. & Duda, J. L. (1993). The Perceived Motivational Climate of Sport Questionnaire-2: Construct and predictive validity. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 15, S59.

Newton, M., Duda, J. L., & Yin, Z. (2000). Examination of the psychometric properties of the perceived motivational climate in sport questionnaire-2 in a sample of female athletes. Journal of Sports Sciences, 18, 275-290.

Olympiou, A., Jowett, S., & Duda, J. L. (2008). The psychological interface between the coach-created motivational climate and the coach-athlete relationship in team sports. The Sport Psychologist, 22, 423-438.

Ommundsen, Y. & Roberts, G. C. (1999). Effect of motivational climate profiles on motivational indices in team sport. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 9(6), 389-397.

Ramayah, T., Cheah, J., Chuah, F., Ting, H., & Mumtaz, A. M. (2016). Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) using SmartPLS 3.0: An Updated Practical Guide to Statistical Analysis (Basic Level; First Edition). Pearson.

Ramezaninejd, R., Kshtan, H., & Ehsani, M. (2007). The relationship between leadership styles of coaches and team cohesion of football Pro league team of Iran. Journal of Olympics, 18(49), 57-68.

Raudsepp, L. & Kais, K. (2002). The relationship between state anxiety and performance in beach volleyball players. Journal of Human Movement Studies, 43(5).

Riemer, H. & Chelladurai, P. (1995). Leadership and satisfaction in athletics. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 17, 276-293.

Riemer, H. & Chelladurai, P. (1998). Development of the athlete satisfaction questionnaire (ASQ). Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 20(2), 127-156.

Smith, A. L., Balaguer, L., & Duda, J. L. (2006). Goal orientation profile differences on perceived motivational climate, perceived peer relationships and motivation-related responses of youth athletes. Journal of Sport Sciences, 24, 1315-1327.

Tsai, Y. M. & Chen, L. H. (2009). Relation of motivational climate and fear of failure in Taiwanese adolescent athletes. Psychological Reports, 2, 627-632.

Trenz, R. C. & Zusho, A. (2011). Competitive perception of motivational climate and their personal achievement goals. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 6(3), 433-443.

Walling, N., Duda, J. L., & Chi, L. (1993). The perceived motivational climate in sport questionnaire: Construct and predictive validity. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 15, 172-183.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15282/mohe.v7i1.167