Effects of a 12-week strength training on hand function of type ii diabetes mellitus patients

Elvis Agbons, Adebisi Hammed


Study aim: The purpose of this study was to establish the effects of a 12-week strength training

(ST) programme on hand function in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients in a tertiary

health institution in Benin-City. The findings of this study would help clinicians/clinical staff to

take ST into consideration in the management of patients with T2DM thereby enhancing clinical


Material and methods: This study was a pre-test, post-test control group design. A total of 36

T2DM patients participated in the study. Handgrip and pinch strength were measured using

electronic hand dynamometer (in kg) and mechanical pinch gauge (in kg) respectively prior to

and following a 12-week ST programme. The amount of handgrip and pinch strength of both

hands generated by each participant was used as a quantitative measurement of the development

of hand function. Data generated were analyzed using inferential statistics of one way analysis

of variance (ANOVA) and the statistical significance was accepted for p value of <0.05.

Results: The findings of the study showed that ST programme had significant effects on hand

function of T2DM patients.

Conclusion: It was concluded that ST programme can substantially enhance hand function of

patients with T2DM. Therefore, ST programme should be considered a key element in the

management of T2DM patients.


Strength training, hand function and type 2 diabetes mellitus

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15282/mohe.v6i2.149

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15282/mohe