Perkembangan motor kasar di kalangan murid orang asli berumur tujuh, lapan dan sembilan tahun di daerah Gua Musang Kelantan

Asraff Ariff, Halijah Ibrahim

Abstract


Abstract

 

This study aim to identify the level of gross motor development in Aboriginal children aged seven, eight, and nine years and distinguish it by using a scale of Gross Motor Development Quotient ( GMDQ ). This study was an ex post facto involving 99 subjects (M : 57 , P : 42 ) aged between seven (M=6.53, SD=.34), eight (M=7.45, SD=.33), and nine years (M=8.56, SD=.34). Ulrich's rough motor development test was being conducted to measure the level of gross motor development of Aboriginal students for locomotor and manipulative skills. The scores transcribed for GMDQ score. Scores were analysed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17.0 for comparing means gross motor achievements of Aboriginal students according to age seven, eight, and nine years. The results showed that there were significant differences for GMDQ Aboriginal students aged seven, eight, and nine years [F (2, 117) = 40.264, p< .05]. For the analysis of the Post Hoc Test, all three age groups of Aboriginal students showed significant differences for GMDQ score (p <0.05). The study shows that there are GMDQ differences according to age level. The development of gross motor of aboriginal students aged seven years can be said to be in normal development, while the aboriginal students aged eight and nine years had poor motor development.

 

Keywords: Gross motor, aboriginal, score GMDQ

 

 

Abstrak

 

Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti tahap perkembangan motor kasar kanak-kanak Orang asli yang berumur tujuh, lapan dan sembilan tahun serta membezakannya dengan menggunakan skala Gross Motor Development Quotient (GMDQ). Kajian ini berbentuk ex post facto yang melibatkan 99 orang subjek (L:57, P:42) yang berumur antara tujuh (M=6.53, SD=.34), lapan (M=7.45, SD=.33) dan sembilan tahun (M=8.56, SD=.34). Ujian perkembangan motor kasar Ulrich (2000) telah dijalankan untuk mengukur tahap perkembangan motor kasar murid-murid Orang Asli bagi kemahiran lokomotor dan manipulatif. Skor yang diperolehi ditranskripkan bagi mendapatkan skor GMDQ. Skor-skor ini dianalisis menggunakan perisian Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Versi 22.0 bagi membandingkan min pencapaian motor kasar murid-murid Orang Asli mengikut peringkat umur tujuh, lapan, dan sembilan tahun. Hasil dapatan menunjukkan terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan bagi GMDQ murid-murid Orang Asli berumur tujuh, lapan, dan sembilan tahun [F (2, 117) = 40.264, p< .05]. Bagi analisis Post Hoc Test, ketiga-tiga kumpulan umur murid-murid Orang Asli menunjukkan terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan bagi skor GMDQ (p<0.05). Kajian menunjukkan terdapat perbezaan GMDQ mengikut peringkat umur. Perkembangan motor kasar murid-murid orang asli yang berumur tujuh tahun boleh dikatakan berada dalam perkembangan yang normal, manakala murid-murid orang asli yang berumur lapan, dan sembilan tahun mempunyai perkembangan motor yang lemah.

 

Kata Kunci: Motor kasar, orang asli, skor GMDQ


Keywords


Gross motor, aboriginal, score GMDQ

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15282/mohe.v6i2.150


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15282/mohe