Persepsi atlet pelajar: tingkah laku kejurulatihan sukan balapan dan padang

Jasmine Chiu Hung Ling, Kim Geok Soh, Othman Talib, Aminuddin Yusof

Abstract


Abstract

 

In the context of extending the knowledge of coaching in sports in Malaysia particularly in Sarawak, this study aimed to identify the perception of student athlete regarding to the coaching behavior, in addition to investigate the preferred coaching behavior as well as perceived coaching behavior by the student athlete of track and field sports from Sarawak state.  This is a descriptive study that using equal-size groups in stratified sampling method. The study consisted of 252 respondents (male, n = 126; female, n = 126), who were secondary school student athletes aged between 13 to 18 years old and had represented their division for competition. Questionnaires Leadership Scale for Sport (LSS) developed by Chelladurai and Saleh (1980) was adapted and used as instrument for our research to measure five coaching behaviors. Based on the Sarawak state sport track and field student athletes perception on the coaching behavior, findings indicated that the preferred behavior by student athletes matched with the perceived coaching behavior of the coach. Study data demonstrated that Instruction and Training behavior (M = 4.33, SP = 0.67) as the most preferred ranking, followed by Positive Feedback behavior (M = 4.14, SP = 0.74). The findings of student athletes' perceptions to perceived coaching behavior that often existing on the coach is also Instruction and Training behavior (M = 4.13, SD = 0.68), followed by Positive Feedback behavior (M = 3.89, SD = 0.75). As the conclusion, perceptions of student athletes were not differed by gender, with both boys and girls indicated alike thoughts in their preferred coaching behavior as well as perceived coaching behavior, which was Instruction and Training behavior.

 

Keywords: Preferred coaching behavior, perceived coaching behavior, coaching style, athlete perseption

 

 

Abstrak

 

Dalam konteks mendalami pengetahuan kejurulatihan dalam sukan di Malaysia khususnya di Sarawak, kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji persepsi atlet pelajar terhadap tingkah laku kejurulatihan, di samping mengenal pasti tingkah laku kejurulatihan yang diingini oleh atlet pelajar serta tingkah laku yang sedia ada pada kejurulatihan sukan balapan dan padang negeri Sarawak. Kajian ini merupakan kajian deskriptif yang menggunakan kaedah persampelan rawak berstrata mengikut saiz kumpulan sama (equal-size groups in stratified sampling). Responden kajian terdiri daripada 252 orang atlet pelajar sekolah menengah (lelaki, n = 126; perempuan, n = 126) yang berumur 13 hingga 18 tahun dan pernah mewakili bahagian masing-masing dalam pertandingan. Soal selidik Skala Kepimpinan untuk Sukan (LSS) yang dibangunkan oleh Chelladurai dan Saleh (1980) telah diadaptasi dan digunakan sebagai intrumen kajian untuk mengukur 5 tingkah laku kejurulatihan. Berdasarkan persepsi atlet pelajar sukan balapan dan padang Sarawak terhadap tingkah laku kejurulatihan, didapati bahawa tingkah laku yang dingini oleh atlet pelajar adalah sama dengan tingkah laku kejurulatihan yang sedia ada pada jurulatih. Kajian mendapati bahawa tingkah laku yang diingini oleh atlet pelajar mengikut keutamaan adalah tingkah laku Arahan dan Latihan (M = 4.33, SP = 0.67), diikuti oleh tingkah laku Maklum Balas Positif (M = 4.14, SP = 0.74). Dapatan persepsi atlet pelajar terhadap tingkah laku yang kerap sedia ada pada jurulatih pula adalah tingkah laku arahan dan latihan (M = 4.13, SP = 0.68), diikuti tingkah laku maklum balas positif (M = 3.89, SP = 0.75). Secara kesimpulannya, didapati bahawa persepsi atlet terhadap tingkah laku kejurulatihan adalah tidak berbeza dari segi jantina, kedua-dua atlet lelaki dan perempuan menyatakan pandangan yang serupa dalam tingkah laku kejurulatihan yang diingini dan tingkah laku kejurulatihan yang sedia ada pada jurulatih, iaitu tingkah laku Arahan dan Latihan.

 

Keywords: Tingkah laku yang diingini, tingkah laku yang sedia ada, gaya kepimpinan, persepsi atlet


Keywords


Preferred coaching behavior, perceived coaching behavior, coaching style, athlete perseption

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, H. G. (2007). Kejurulatihan dan Sains Sukan (Edisi Pertama). Kuala Lumpur: Utusan Publications & Distributors Sdn Bhd.

Chelladurai, P. (1990). Leadership in sports: A review. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 21, 328 - 354.

Chelladurai, P. (1993). Leadership. Handbook of research in sport psycology. New York: Macmillan.

Chelladurai, P. (2007). Leadership in sports. The handbook of sport psychology (3rd ed.). New York: Wiley.

Chelladurai, P., & Carron, A. V. (1978). Leadership. Ottawa, Canada: Canadian Association of Health, Physical Education and Recreation.

Chelladurai, P., & Saleh, S. D. (1978). Preferred leadership in sports. Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, 3, 85-92.

Chelladurai, P., & Saleh, S. D. (1980). Dimensions of leader behavior in sports: Development of a leadership scale. Journal of Sport Psychology, 2, 34-45.

Crust, L., & Azadi, K. (2009). Leadership preferences of mentally tough athletes. Personality and Individual Differences, 47, 326 - 330.

Embi, M. Z. B. (2011). Hubungan antara gaya kepimpinan jurulatih dengan bersepadu pemain bola sepak Majlis Sukan Sekolah Negeri Selangor. Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor.

Ericsson, K. A. (2009). Development of professional expertise: Toward measurement of expert performance and design of optimal learning enviromnment. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Feltz, D. L., Chase, M. A., Moritz, S. E., & Sullivan, P. J. (1999). A conceptual model of coaching efficacy: Preliminary investigation and instrument development. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91(4), 765-776.

Institut Sukan Negara (2014). Research Committee Report: 2012 - 2013. Kuala Lumpur: Institut Sukan Negara.

Jambor, E., & Zhang, J. (1997). Investigating leadership, gender, and coaching level using the revised leadership for sport scale. Journal of Sport Behavior, 20(3), 313-321.

Jowett, S., & Poczwardowski, A. (2007). Understanding the coach-athlete relationship. Social Psychology in Sport, 3-14.

Kaynaka, K., Canb, Y., Kirandic, O., & Boz, M. (2014). Examination of the relationship between role satisfaction and achievement motivation among players: A research on veteran national players. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 152, 465-469.

Kidane, W. W., Reddy, R. C., & Babu, M. S. (2013). Players satisfaction and coachs' coaching behavior in the case of Ethiopian National Soccer Team. Journal of Research in Commerce & Managment, 2(5), 122-133.

Kravig, S. D. (2003). Coaching behavior preferences of interscholastic athletes. (Master of science), Univeristy of North Texas.

Lorimer, R., & Jowett, S. (2009). Empathic accuracy, meta-perspective, and satisfaction in the coach-athlete relationship. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 21, 201-212.

Martin, S. B., Dale, G. A., & Jackson, A. W. (2001). Youth coaching preferences of adolescent athletes and their parents. Journal of Sport Behavior, 24, 197-212.

Moen, F., & Sandstad, H. (2013). Subjective expectations among athletes about coaches in sport. Journal of Human Subjectivity, 11, 135-155.

Pilus, A. H. M., & Saadan, R. (2009). Coaching leadership styles and athlete satisfactions among hockey team. Journal of Human Capital Development, 2, 77-87.

Riemer, H. A., & Toon, K. (2001). Leadership and satisfaction in tennis: Examination of congruence, gender, and ability. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 72(3), 243-256.

Samah, I. H. A., Adekalu, S. O., Omar, Z., & Ismail, I. A. (2013). Influence of coaches' behavior on athletes' motivation: Malaysian sport archery experience. Internatinal Journal of Research in Management, 5(3), 136-142.

Samah, I. H. A., Omar, Z., & Osman, A. (2015). An investigation of athletes’ satisfaction towards teammates and its relationship with athletes’ intrinsic motivation. International Journal of Science: Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), 20(1), 349-355.

Shokri, A., Viladrich, C., Cruz, J., & Alcaraz, S. (2014). Adapting BRSQ to assess coach’s perception of athletes’ motivation: Internal structure analysis. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 159, 497-505.

Soh, K. G., Wazir, M. R., & Chee, C. S. (2014). Kajian sukan di Malaysia (Jilid 2). Selangor: Penerbit Universiti Putra Malaysia.

Sullah, A., Tan, C. H., & Ismail, S. (2014). Preferred coaches leadership styles of malaysian football teams. International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology. doi: 10.1007/978-981-287-107-7_64

West, L. (2016). Coach-athlete communication: Coaching style, leadership characteristics and psychological outcomes. (Masters of Education in Human Movement Sport and Leisure Studies, Masters Projects.), Bowling Green State University. (Paper 16).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15282/mohe.v6i2.153


Movement, Health & Exercise (MoHE) Journal

Innovative Manufacturing, Mechatronics & Sports Lab (iMAMS)
Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering
Universiti Malaysia Pahang
26600 Pekan
Pahang, MALAYSIA

Tel.: +609 424 6358

Email: admin@mohejournal.com

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15282/mohe