Perbandingan corak kesepaduan pasukan bola tampar lelaki dan wanita peringkat sekolah menengah daerah Larut Matang dan Selama

Atchmmahdevi a/p Moorthy, Shaharudin Abd. Aziz, Gunathevan Elumalai

Abstract


Abstract

 

The purpose of this study is to examine the team cohesion pattern between male and female secondary school volleyball team from Larut Matang and Selama districts. A total of 192 volleyball players (96 men and 96 women) were selected as respondents. This study is a quantitative survey which adopted the Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ: Carron, Widmeyer, & Brawley, 1985) which contains 18 items and four cohesion dimensions. It was employed to identify the team cohesion pattern of the aforementioned teams in the quarter and semi-final stage. The data obtained were analysed using descriptive and independent sample t test. The results demonstrated that the team with a higher team cohesion pattern won the quarter-finals and the semi-finals as compared to losing teams. The findings further indicate that there are significant differences in the winning team in the quarter-finals. However, there was no significant difference in the men and women team who lost or won in the semi-finals. This suggests that teams that do not exhibit strong team cohesion amongst the team members, were found to lose the matches played and demonstrated inconsistency in their performance. The present study reveals that team integrity cohesion is a non-trivial element in team sports and the coach should emphasise on team cohesion before, during and after the match to form a better performing team in future competitions.

 

Kata Kunci: Team cohesion, team sports, survey

 

 

Abstrak

 

Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk mengkaji perbandingan corak kesepaduan pasukan bola tampar lelaki dan wanita peringkat sekolah menengah daerah Larut Matang dan Selama. Seramai 192 orang pemain bola tampar (96 lelaki dan 96 wanita) dipilih secara bertujuan sebagai responden. Kajian ini berbentuk tinjauan kuantitatif dan instrumen kajian yang digunakan untuk mengenalpasti corak kesepaduan adalah Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ: Carron, Widmeyer, & Brawley,1985) yang mengandungi 18 item dan empat dimensi kesepaduan. Instrumen ini mengkaji corak kesepaduan pemain bola tampar lelaki dan wanita di peringkat suku akhir dan separuh akhir daerah Larut Matang Dan Selama. Data yang diperolehi dianalisis menggunakan ujian diskriptif dan ujian-t sampel tidak bersandar. Hasil kajian menunjukkan kesepaduan paling tinggi dalam kalangan pasukan yang menang di peringkat suku akhir dan separuh akhir berbanding dengan pasukan yang kalah. Dapatan menunjukkan terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan dalam kalangan pasukan yang menang di peringkat suku akhir. Namun tidak terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan dalam kalangan pasukan lelaki dan wanita yang kalah dan menang di peringkat separuh akhir. Ini bermakna pasukan yang mempunyai perhubungan dan toleransi yang erat terhadap ahli pasukan mempunyai tahap kesepaduan yang tinggi. Oleh itu, pasukan tidak mempunyai minat terhadap ahli pasukan menyebabkan kesepaduan rendah serta pencapaian mereka tidak konsisten. Penyelidik menegaskan bahawa kesepaduan pasukan merupakan salah satu faktor yang penting dan jurulatih harus memberi penekanan terhadap kesepaduan pasukan sebelum, semasa, dan selepas perlawanan bagi membentuk satu pasukan yang berprestasi tinggi pada masa akan datang.

 

Kata Kunci: Kesepaduan pasukan, sukan berpasukan, tinjauan


Keywords


Team cohesion, team sports, survey

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15282/mohe.v6i2.138


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15282/mohe