Physical activity behaviour among women with gestational diabetes mellitus and early post-partum

Nur Hani Syazwani, Denise Koh Choon Lian, Shuhaila Ahmad, Khadijah Shamsuddin

Abstract


Women with previous history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) has been found to have higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Participation in adequate physical activity during and post-pregnancy through has been found to mitigate the risk. The main purpose of this study is to determine the status of physical activity among women with recent GDM during their pregnancy and 8-weeks post-partum. A secondary aim of the study is to explore factors associated with physical activity during and 8-weeks post-partum. Physical activity status was measured using International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). The data were collected during pregnancy through a self-reported questionnaire (n=336) and via telephone interview 8-weeks post-partum (n=117). The results showed that there were significant association between physical activity and status of GDM during pregnancy. Women who reported higher physical activity participation during pregnancy were less likely to have GDM. However, there were no significant association between physical activity participation and GDM status post-partum. Age was associated with participation in physical activity during pregnancy. Self-efficacy and their risk perception of developing T2DM were associated with physical activity participation at 8-weeks post-partum. In conclusion, this study highlights the different factors that should be targeted (for during pregnancy and post-partum) to promote physical activity among this high risk population.

Keywords


Health, physical activity, women with gestational diabetes

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15282/mohe.v9i1.411