The influence of modified equipment in developing skills in badminton

Abdul Muiz Nor Azmi, Pathmanathan K. Suppiah, Jeffrey Low Fook Lee, Hasnol Noordin, Md. Safwan Samsir

Abstract


The aim of this study was to examine the effect of modified equipment on skill acquisition of novice badminton players. The participants (24 boys, 16 girls) aged between 7 – 9 years old, without any prior formal badminton experience, were divided into four groups randomly, namely the standard racquet with standard court (SRSC), standard racquet with modified court (SRMC), modified racquet with standard court (MRSC) and modified racquet with modified court (MRMC). Children’s hitting opportunities and stroke effectiveness were tabulated using videotaped and notated during a mini-competition after they went a five weeks training program. The results showed that the children who practiced using modified racquet with the modified court (MRMC), recorded the highest hitting opportunities and stroke effectiveness compared to others group. The participants who practiced using the standard equipment recorded less hitting opportunities and stroke effectiveness during the mini-competition. This study demonstrated the advantages for children playing using modified equipment with a smaller court. By manipulating the task constraints, skill acquisition can be enhanced among children.


Keywords


modified equipment; skill acquisition; task constraints; badminton

References


Arias, J. L., Argudo, F. M., & Alonso, J. I. (2012a). Effect of ball mass on dribble, pass, and pass reception in 9–11-year-old boys' basketball. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 83(3), 407-412.

Arias, J. L. (2012). Influence of ball weight on shot accuracy and efficacy among 9-11-year-old male basketball players. Kinesiology, 44(1).

Arias, J. L., Argudo, F. M., & Alonso, J. I. (2012b). Effect of basketball mass on shot performance among 9–11 year-old male players. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 7(1), 69-79.

Beak, S., Davids, K., & Bennett, S. (2000). One size fits all? Sensitivity to moment of inertia information from tennis rackets in children and adults. p. 109–18.

Burton, A. W., Greer, N. L., & Wiese, D. M. (1992). Changes in overhand throwing patterns as a function of ball size. Pediatric Exercise Science, 4(1), 50-67.

Buszard, T., Farrow, D., Reid, M., Masters, S. W. (2014). Modifying equipment in early skill development: A tennis perspective. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 85:2, 218-225.

Buszard, T., Farrow, D., Reid, M., & Masters, R. S. (2014). Scaling sporting equipment for children promotes implicit processes during performance. Consciousness and cognition, 30, 247-255.

Buszard, T., Reid, M., Masters, R. S., & Farrow, D. (2016a). Scaling Tennis Racquets During PE in Primary School to Enhance Motor Skill Acquisition. Research quarterly for exercise and sport, 87(4), 414-420.

Buszard, T., Farrow, D., Reid, M., Masters, S. W. (2016b). Scaling the equipment and play area in children’s sport to improve motor skill acquisition: a systematic review. Sports Med. 46: 829-843.

Chow, J. Y., Davids, K., Button, C., Shuttleworth, R., Renshaw, I., & Araujo, D. (2007). The role of nonlinear pedagogy in physical education. Review of Educational Research, 77, 251–278.

Davids, K., Button, C., & Bennett, S. (2008). Dynamics of Skill Acquisition: A Constraints-Led Approach. (Eds.). Champaign: Human Kinetics.

Davids, K., Williams, A. M., Button, C., & Court, M. (2001). An integrative modelling approach to the study of intentional movement behavior. In R. N. Singer, H. A. Hausenblas, & C. M. Janelle (Eds.), Handbook of sport psychology (2nd ed.). (pp. 144 – 173). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.

Davids, K., Bennett, S. J., & Newell, K. (2006). Movement system variability. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

Edwards, W. H. (2010). Motor learning and control: From theory to practice. Cengage Learning.

Elliott, B. (1981). Tennis racquet selection: a factor in early skill development. Australian Journal Sports Science. 1:23–5.

Elliott, B. (2006). Biomechanics and tennis. British journal of sports medicine, 40(5), 392-396.

Farrow, D., & Reid, M. (2010). The effect of equipment scaling on the skill acquisition of beginning tennis players. Journal Sports Science. 28: 723–32.

Farrow, D., Buszard, T., Reid, M., & Masters, R. (2016). Using Modification to Generate Emergent Performance (and Learning?) in Sports. Research quarterly for exercise and sport, 87(S1), S21.

Gibson, J.J. (1979). An ecological approach to visual perception. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Isaacs, L. D. (1980). Effects of ball size, ball color, and preferred color on catching by young children. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 51, 583–586.

Jackson, S. (2011). Biomechanical analysis of badminton serves using standard and body scaled equipment: A perception-action perspective. Arkansas Journal, 46(1), 31-37.

Haywood, K., & Getchell, N. (2009). Life Span Motor Development, 5th edn. United States:Human Kinetics.

Kachel, K., Buszard, T. & Reid, M. (2015). The effect of ball compression on the match-play characteristics of elite junior tennis players. Journal Sports Science. 33: 320 – 6.

Newell, K.M. (1986). Constraints on the development of coordination. In; Wade MG, Whiting HTA, editors. Motor development in children: aspects of coordination and control. Boston: Martinus Nijhoff; p. 341-60.

Pellet, T.L., Henschel-Pellett, H.A., Harrison, J.M. (1994). Influence of ball weight on junior high school girls’ volleyball performance. Perception Motor Skills. 78:1379–84.

Regimbal, C., Deller, J., & Plimpton, C. (1992). Basketball size as related to children's preference, rated skill, and scoring. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 75(3), 867-872.

Renshaw, I., Davids, K., Chow, J-Y., & Hammond, J. (2010). A constraints-led perspective to understanding skill acquisition and game play: A basis for integration of motor learning theory and physical education praxis? P.E. & Sport Pedagogy, 15(2), 117-131.

Renshaw, I. (2010). Building the foundations: Skill acquisition in children. In I. Renshaw, K. Davids, & G. J. P. Savelsbergh (Eds.), Motor learning in practice: A constraints-led approach (pp. 33–44). Oxon, England: Routledge.

Renshaw, I., Chow, J.Y., & Davids, K.W. (2013). A constraints-led perspective to understanding skill acquisition and game-play: a basis for integration of motor learning theory and physical education praxis? Physical Education Sport Pedag. 15: 117-37.

Satern, M. N., Messier, S. P., & Keller-McNulty, S. (1989). The effects of ball size and basket height on the mechanics of the basketball free throw.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15282/mohe.v9i1.394