An evaluation on the pre-competition anxiety levels of under eighteen male track and field athletes from the rural areas of Sabah

Joseph Nandu, Hasnol Noordin

Abstract


Abstract

 

Psychological factors are one of the contributing factors that could influence an athlete's performance in any sporting events. The survey-based study is aimed at evaluating pre-competition anxiety levels of sixty-four under eighteen male track and field athletes from different rural areas of Sabah. The evaluation instrument used in this study is the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2). The findings showed that there was a significant difference in pre-competition anxiety levels between track and field athletes (t = 2.088, df = 62, p <.05), with a mean pre-competition anxiety levels of track event athletes (M = 2.713, SD = .529, n = 32) was shown to be higher than field event athletes (M = 2.461, SD = .432, n = 32). It was also demonstrated from the study that the cognitive and somatic anxiety subscales were also significant (t = 2.140, df = 62, p <.05), (t = 2.623, df = 62, p <.05). The mean level of cognitive anxiety of the track event athletes (M = 2.667, SD = .734, n = 32) was higher than that of the field event athletes (M = 2.302, SD = .625, n = 32). In addition, the mean  somatic anxiety level track event athletes (M = 2,500, SD = .766, n = 32) were also higher than field event athletes (M = 2.042, SD = .623, n = 32). Nonetheless, it was shown that the differences were not significant with regards to the self-confidence scales (t = -.413, df = 62, p> .05) with the mean level of confidence in the track athletes to be (M = 2.972, SD = .623, n = 32) whilst the field event athletes (M = 3.038, SD = .654, n = 32).

 

Keywords: Pre-competition anxiety, cognitive, somatic, self-confidence

 

Abstrak

 

Faktor psikologi merupakan antara faktor penyumbang yang mempengaruhi pencapaian seseorang atlet dalam acara sukan. Kajian berbentuk tinjauan bertujuan untuk membandingkan tahap kebimbangan pra-pertandingan bagi atlet acara balapan dan padang dalam kalangan enam puluh empat orang atlet lelaki bawah lapan belas tahun dari Bahagian Pedalaman Sabah. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam kajian ini adalah The Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) yang telah dialih bahasa. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan dalam tahap kebimbangan pra-pertandingan antara atlet acara balapan dan padang (t=2.088, df=62, p<.05), dengan min tahap kebimbangan pra-pertandingan atlet acara balapan (M=2.713, SD=.529, n=32) adalah lebih tinggi daripada atlet acara padang (M=2.461, SD=.432, n=32). Dapatan bagi subskala kebimbangan kognitif dan somatik juga adalah signifikan iaitu (t=2.140, df=62, p<.05), (t=2.623, df=62, p<.05). Dapatan menunjukkan min tahap kebimbangan kognitif atlet acara balapan (M=2.667, SD=.734, n=32) adalah lebih tinggi daripada atlet acara padang (M=2.302, SD=.625, n=32) dan min tahap kebimbangan somatik atlet acara balapan (M=2.500, SD=.766, n=32) juga lebih tinggi daripada atlet acara padang (M=2.042, SD=.623, n=32). Manakala perbezaan adalah tidak signifikan bagi subskala keyakinan diri (t=-.413, df=62, p>.05) dengan min tahap keyakinan diri atlet acara balapan (M=2.972, SD=.623, n=32) adalah hampir sama daripada atlet acara padang (M=3.038, SD=.654, n=32).

 

Kata kunci: Kebimbangan pra-pertandingan, kognitif, somatik, keyakinan diri 


Keywords


Pre-competition anxiety, cognitive, somatic, self-confidence

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15282/mohe.v9i1.377