Correlation between leadership style and athlete motivation among males and females adolescents

Raja Zulkhairil Ikram Raja Adzhar, Shaharuddin Abd Aziz, Jaffry Zakaria, Noorzaliza Osman, Siti Hartini Azmi


The study was conduct to examine the relationship between the perceive leadership style of the coach and the athlete motivation of SMK Dato’ Lela Pahlawan, Padang Serai Kedah athlete in the age of 13, 14, & 16 years old based on gender. Respondents of the study consisted of athlete (N = 64) representing individual and team sport. The translated version by Balkaran, (2004) of The Leadership Scale for Sport (LSS), (Chelladurai & Saleh, 1980)  and the Sport Motivation Scale (SMS), (Pelletier et al., 1995). The LSS version used is the athlete's perceive coach leadership style and the SMS for the intrinsic, extrinsic or amotivation of the athlete. The findings show that there are the order of leadership style of the perceive trainers for motivate the athlete, male had higher level of leadership coaching style training and instruction (r = .573, p <.05), democracy (r = .544, p <.05), social support (r = .401, p <.05) and positive feedback behavior (r = .429, p <.05). Meanwhile female had higher level of leadership coaching style on training and instruction (r = .390, p <.05) and social support (r = .414, p <.05). In conclusion, the success of an athlete also depends on the approach used by the coach. Therefore, the coach needs to be sensitive to the desire and tendency of the athlete motivation and success.


The Multidimensional Leadership Model; Coach Leadership Behavior; athlete Motivation; Gender

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