Eliciting Social Cultural Predictors of Risky Sexual Behaviour amon Adolescents and Young Adults in Nigeria

Agbonlahor Nafisa Loveth, Osagiede Florence Isoken

Abstract


The thrust of this paper was to elicit socio-cultural predictors of risky sexual behavior among adolescents and young adults in Nigeria. Socio-cultural parameters were seen to be those factors in the social environment that influences behavior. The socio-cultural theory holds that people learn through interactions within the socio-cultural environment. Such interactions include the home (parental influence, social/economic status of family), peers and culture (religious practices, age norms, and gender issues). This paper further examines these factors and how they predict risky sexual behavior such as early marriage, non-utilization of contraception, early sex initiation, induced abortions, having multiple sex partners, sex under the influence of alcohol, and indulging in sex for financial and material gains, among adolescents and young adults in Nigeria.  It was therefore concluded that the socio-cultural environment is a strong predictor of adolescent and young adult sexual risk behavior in Nigeria. Thus, it is recommended that social/cultural environment should be shaped for optimum reproductive health behavior among adolescents and young adults in Nigeria.


Keywords


Socio-cultural, Risky sexual behaviour, Adolescents, Young Adults

References


Adeboyejo, T.I. &Onyeonoru, I.P. (2002). Aspects of home environment and adolescent sexual behavior in South Western Nigeria. African Population Studies, 20(1): 45-58.

Adeyemo, D.A. & Williams, T.M. (2009). Some correlations of risky sexual behavior among secondary school adolescents in Ogun State, Nigeria. Child and Youth Services, 31: 53-69.

Bingenheimer, J.B., Asante, E. &Ahiadeke, C. (2015). Peer influences on sexual activity among adolescents in Ghana. Stud Fam. Planning, 46(1): 1-19.

Brechwald, W.A. &Prinsteen, M.J. (2011). Beyond homophily: A decade of advances in understanding peer influence processes. J. Res. Adolesc. 21(1): 166-179.

Ciper (2018). The epidemiology of adolescents living with prenatal acquired HIV across region global cohort analysis. Plos medicine, 15(3).

Conger, R.D. & Conger, K.J. (2008). Understanding the process through which economic hardship influences families and children, Handbook of families and poverty. Crane, D.R., Heaton, T.B. (Eds), C.A. Sage Thousand Oaks.

Diddy, A. (2011). Inequalities in under 5 mortality in Nigeria, Do ethnicity and socio-economic position matter? Journal of Epidemiology, 21(1): 13-20.

Ejembi, C.L., Tukur, D. &Aliyu, A.A. (2015). Contextual factors influencing modern contraceptive use in Nigeria. DHS working papers No. 120. Rockville Maryland, USA: ICF International.

Enyiladu, E.A. Vandekwaak, A., Zwanikken, P. &Ayuba, I.A. (2017). Exploring the factors influencing adolescent sexual behavior in Plateau State Nigeria. American Journal of Medicine and Medical Science, 7(1): 1-6.

Eskay (2018). 10 effects of unemployment on Nigeria’s economic development. Info guidenigeria.com. https://infoguidenigeria.com. Accessed 3/9/18.

Goicovic, I.D. (2002). Education, school dropout and youth labour integration. Last decade Chile, Centre for Social Studies, www.redalyc.org. accessed 27/8/18.

Guttmacher Institute (2008). In brief: reducing unsafe abortions in Nigeria, Washington SC.

Herbert, A. (2014). Christian-Muslim disparity in contraceptive use in Nigeria. www.paa2014.princetion.edu. Accessed 25/08/18.

Johnson, A. (2011). Multicontextual influencing high risk behavior among college students haverne. Um dissertation publishing.

Makwe, E. & Ahmad, H.A. (2014). Attitude, sexual behavior and risk perception to sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS among students of University of Abuja, Nigeria. British Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, 4(3): 350-361.

Marinho, M.L. (2007). The missing link between education and employment: Analysis on the perception of low income urban youth in club Santiago de Chile, Cepal.

Marmot, M.G., Davey, S.M., Stansfield, S., Patel, C., North, F., Head, J., White, I., Brunner, E. & Feeney, A. (1991). Health inequalities among civil servants: The white hall II study handout, (337), 1387-1393.

Mcleods, S.A. (2018). Lev Vygotsky Retrieved from https://www.simply psychology .org/vygotsky.html.

National Centre for Biotechnology Information (2011). The science of adolescent risk taking: Workshop report. The influence of environment. www.ncbi.ncm.gov/books/NBK53409. Retrieved 29/8/18.

Nigeria Demographic Health Survey (2013).

Obasohan, P.E. (2015). Religious, ethnicity and contraceptive use among reproductive age women in Nigeria. Int. J. MCH AIDS, 3(1):63-73.

Odumegwu, C. &Okemegbo, C.N. (2008). Men’s perception of masculinities and sexual health risks in Igbo land, Nigeria. International Journal of Men’s Health, 7(1):21-40.

Odumegwu, C. &Somefun, O.D. (2017). Ethnicity, gender and risky sexual behavior among Nigeria youth: An alternative explanation. Reproductive Health, NCBI, 14(16).

Odumegwu, C. (2005). Influence of religion on adolescent sexual attitude and behavior among Nigerian University Students. Affiliation or Commitment? African Journal of Reproductive Health, 9(2): 125-140.

Okonkwo, P.I., Fatusi, A.O. &Uika, A.L. (2015). Perception of peers behavior regarding sexual health decision making among female undergraduates in Anambra State. Afri. Health Sci. 5(2): 107-113.

Oladapo, O. &Fayemi, M.M. (2011). Perceptions about sexual abstinence and knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention among school adolescents in a Western Nigerian City, BMC Public Health, 11(1): 304.

Olubayo-Ftiregun, M.A. (2012). The parental attitude towards adolescent sexual behavior in Akoko-Edo and Etsako West Local Government Area of Edo State Nigeria. World Journal of Education, 2(6).

Oluyemi, J.A. Yinusa, M.A., Abdullateef, R. Kehinde, K. &Adejoke, J. (2017). Parental influence on adolescent sexual behavior among secondary school students in Ogbomosho, Nigeria. African Journal of Social Works, 7(1): 37-43.

Onipede, W. (2005). Religious influence on non-use of modern contraceptives among women in Nigeria: Comparative Analysis of 1990 and 2008. NDHS Journal of Biosocial Science, 47(5): 593-612.

Orluwene, G.W., Ekechukwu, R. &Ojugo, A.B. (2015). Impact of family dysfunction on indiscriminate sexual behavior of adolescent students of Unity schools in South South Zone of Nigeria. European Journal of Research and Reflection in Educational Sciences, 3(3): 55-62.

Paul, F. &Eberhart, P. (2000). Emotional intelligence. New York: Bantam Books.

Shearer, C.L., Histerman, S.J., Gilen, M.M. &Lepkowitz, E.S. (2005). Are traditional gender role attitudes associated with risky sexual behavior and condom related beliefs. Sex Roles, 52(5): 311-324.

Trading Economics (2018). Nigeria unemployment rate 2006-2018. https://tradingeconomics.com/nigeria/enemploymentrate. Accessed 3/9/18.

Uchurch, D.M., Anestrrensel, C.S., Sucoff, C.A. & Levy-Storms (1999). Neighbourhood and family contexts of adolescent sexual activity. Journal of Marriage and Family, 61: 920-933.

UNESCO (2016). Why literacy matters in UNESCO (Eds) Education For All. Literacy for life, pp. 135-145. Paris: UNESCO Publishing.

UNFPA (2014). Adolescent reproductive health. www.unfpa.org. accessed 29/8/18.

UNFPA (2016). Sexual and reproductive health. www.unfpa.org. accessed 26/8/2016.

UNICEF (2016). Adolescent health. https://www.unicef.org. accessed 28/8/18.

UNICEF (2017). Statistical tables.

United Nations Population Information Network (UNPIN) (2018). Guidelines on reproductive health. http://www.undp.org/popu. Accessed 27/8/18.

Vander Kwaat, A. &Wegelin-Schuringa, M. (2006). Gender and health: Policy and Practices: A global sourcebook. Amsterdam KIT Publishers.

Verial, D. (2017). How cultural differences influence adolescent development. Livestrong.com. www.livestrong.com, accessed 26/8/2018.

Wikipedia (2013). https://simplewikipedia.org/w/index.php?socialculturaltheory&olded= 5740863. Retrieved 6/7/18.

Wingood, G.M. &Diclemente, R.J. (2000). Application of the theory of gender and power to examine HIV related exposures, risk factors and effective interventions for women. Health Educ. Behav. 27(5): 539-565.

World Health Organization (2017). Adolescents sexual reproductive health. www.searchwho.int. accessed in Nigeria Washington DC.

World Health Organization (2018). Adolescents Health risk and solutions.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.15282/mohe.v9i2.437