The impact of coaching education and coaching experience on coaching efficacy among Malaysian collegiate coaches

Kee Kang Mea, Nur Atikah Mohamed Kassim


Coaches are people who are responsible in helping athletes to work towards achieving their full potential. The influence of coaches are associated with giving positive impact towards the athletes by enhancing their performance, character development, athlete satisfaction and other various positive outcomes. In order to develop successful athletes, coaches need to have a high level of coaching efficacy. Many factors may affect the coaches’ coaching efficacy such as coaching education and coaching experience and it might play a part in the ability of coaches in coaching their athletes. Hence, the purpose of this study is to determine the impact of coaching experience and coaching education on coaching efficacy among Malaysian collegiate coaches. A total of 331 coaches for SUKIPT 2016 were involved in this study. Coaching Efficacy Scale (CES) questionnaire was used to measure the coaches coaching efficacy. Overall, Malaysian collegiate coaches showed that their level of coaching efficacy were high for all subscales namely character building (M=7.92, SD=.83), technique (M=7.91, SD=.89), game strategy (M=7.80, SD=.93), and motivation (M=7.79, SD=.83). Furthermore, study shows that there was a medium positive correlation between coaching experience (r=.37, n=331, p<.001) and coaching efficacy and small positive correlation between coaching education (r=.12, n=331, p<.05) and coaching efficacy. In addition, multiple regression results indicated that both coaching experience and coaching education can predict overall coaching efficacy (F (6, 324) =12.85, p<.001). In conclusion, Malaysian collegiate coaches who have high level of coaching experience and coaching education may demonstrate better coaching efficacy in guiding their athletes, hence they able to guide their athletes to achieve successful performance.


SUKIPT, coaching efficacy, coaching education, coaching experience


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