A systematic review on the effectiveness of perceptual motor training on improvement in motor performance in individuals with developmental coordination disorder

Srilekha Saha, Faria Sultana, Maruf Ahmed, Soumendra Saha

Abstract


Purpose: To systematically review published research literature to identify and evaluate the effectiveness of perceptual motor training on improvement in motor performance in individuals with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). Methods: Multiple databases were methodically searched for articles related to Developmental Coordination Disorder; only descriptive, intervention or qualitative articles were retained. Results: A generalized performance deficit may be observed in majority of the children with DCD. Pronounced difficulty in internal (forward) modeling, rhythmic coordination, executive function, gait and postural control, catching and interceptive action, and aspects of sensoriperceptual function were observed in most of the individuals diagnosed with DCD. Research indicates that poor motor co-ordination has far-reaching implications for social and emotional wellbeing. DCD occurs not only in children, as motor difficulties are retained in adulthood. Conclusions: The perceptual motor training approach may result in positive outcomes in motor performance in individuals with DCD. Cognitive orientation to daily occupational performance was observed to be a superior alternative to contemporary coordination treatment approach. Furthermore, psychomotor therapy placing emphasis on music rhythm and sensory integration therapy was observed to have a sustainably facilitative impact. 


Keywords


DCD, perceptual motor training, coordination

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.15282/mohe.v5i2.104